Deut. 22, Psalms 110–111, Isaiah 49, Revelation 19

DateVersionReading Plan
@June 17, 2024ESV (2016)M’Cheyne Plan 2024

Deut. 22

Deuteronomy 22:8 (ESV) 8 “When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof, that you may not bring the guilt of blood upon your house, if anyone should fall from it.

This chapter deals with various laws concerning the people, one of which was the construction of a parapet for the roof of a new house. According to the Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, a parapet was a “Protective barrier around the circumference of house roofs. The parapet was required by the Law (Deut. 22:8) since flat roofs were widely used (Josh. 2:6; Judges 16:27; 1 Sam. 9:25; Is. 22:1). Construction of a parapet would relieve the dweller from liability should a person fall from the roof.” In addition to being helpful in learning what a parapet is, the nuance of this law demonstrates the level of diligence that was required among the people to preserve and protect life.

Psalms 110–111

Psalm 110:1 (ESV) 1 The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”

The Believer’s Bible Commentary as a helpful exposition on the usage of both LORD and Lord in this passage along with being a clear identification of Jesus’ deity:

The key to understanding this lies in identifying the two distinct persons referred to by the name of “Lord.” The first use of the word refers unmistakably to Jehovah. The other word “Lord” is the Hebrew adon and means “master” or “ruler.” It was sometimes used as a name of God and sometimes applied to a human master. Although the word itself does not always indicate a divine person, the words that follow show that David’s Lord (Adon) was equal with God.

This was quoted by Jesus in Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36 and Luke 20:42–43 in which He asked the Pharisees what they believed with regard to the Messiah’s identity. As the BBC points out, “Jesus showed them that according to Psalm 110 (which they acknowledged to be messianic) the Messiah would also be David’s Lord [and asked] How could He be David’s son and David’s Lord at the same time? And how could David, the king, have someone who was his Lord on earth?” The answer, as the BBC continues, is that “the Messiah would be both God and man. As God, He would be David’s Lord. As man, He would be David’s son. And Jesus Himself, combining in His Person both deity and humanity, was David’s Master and David’s son.”

Isaiah 49

Isaiah 49:15 (ESV) 15 “Can a woman forget her nursing child, that she should have no compassion on the son of her womb? Even these may forget, yet I will not forget you.

God through Isaiah uses the metaphor of a woman nursing a child to illustrate His intimate, caring relationship with His people. However, quite distinct from an earthly mother who may forget or even abandon her child, God remains faithful. As Matthew Henry once put beautifully, “we may be sure that he will never forsake us. Let us then give diligence to make our calling and election sure, and rejoice in the hope and glory of God.”

Revelation 19

Revelation 19:6–8 (ESV) 6 Then I heard what seemed to be the voice of a great multitude, like the roar of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, crying out, “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns. 7 Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready; 8 it was granted her to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure”— for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints.

What powerful verses are these to read, the voice of a multitude crying out in thunderous exultation of the Lord, “Hallelujah!”. May we be as the Bride of the Lamb and make ourselves ready, joyfully preparing for our blessed, everlasting union with our Lord. How glorious it is that the church has been granted opportunity to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure, which is the righteous deeds of the saints. By His Spirit, we are led to greater ability and delight in our obedience, so honoring and giving glory to the God we love.

Carson on Psalm 110-111

Small wonder the writer to the Hebrews understands that this [reference to Melchizedek] is an announcement of the obsolescence of the Mosaic covenant (Heb. 7:11–12). We needed a better priesthood; and we have one.

Carson focuses on the mention of Melchizedek in Ps. 110:4. Melchizedek is such a fascinatingly obscure person in the Biblical narrative. Mentioned only a few times, we know very little about the man whose name means, “king of righteousness”, except for that which is contained in Genesis 14:18–20; Psalm 110:4; and Hebrews 5:10; 6:20; 7:1–17. However, Carson places his finger an important detail that in Jesus we have been given a better Priest that aligned not of the order of Levi but with the order of Melchizedek. Mysterious as Melchizedek certainly was, his priestly kingship was a typology of our High Priest and King who has now come.